Just 15 Badass Black Women In Science From History

Just 15 Badass Black Women In Science From History

Posted 2 minutes ago

Dr. Green literally might have found the cure for cancer!!

1.

Dr. Hadiyah Green


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Green was led to pursue a career in cancer research after both her aunt and uncle passed away from the disease. She saw the effect of radiation and chemotherapy on her uncle, and wondered if there might be a way to use lasers to target cancer cells directly, so that healthy cells wouldn’t be affected. When she tested her treatment on mice, she became the first person to cure cancer with nanoparticles. She hopes one day to make her treatment available through a nonprofit so it’s affordable to everyone.

2.

Mae Jemison


Lachlan Cunningham / Getty Images

Jemison attended Stanford at age 17 and did medical work in a Cambodian refugee camp and with the Peace Corps in Africa. After receiving her doctorate and working as a General Practitioner, NASA selected her for astronaut training. She was aboard the Shuttle Endeavour as a mission specialist in 1992, making her the first Black woman in space. After leaving NASA, Jemison has created a number of nonprofits and programs, such as teenage space camp The Earth We Share and an initiative to expand space travel called 100 Year Starship.

3.

Marie Maynard Daly

Marie Maynard Daly (1921-2003) was an American biochemist and the first African American woman to obtain a Ph.D. in chemistry in the United States. Daly overcame the dual hurdles of racial + gender bias by conducting several important studies on cholesterol, sugars, and proteins.

Marie Maynard Daly (1921-2003) was an American biochemist and the first African American woman to obtain a Ph.D. in chemistry in the United States. Daly overcame the dual hurdles of racial + gender bias by conducting several important studies on cholesterol, sugars, and proteins.

Daly obtained her PhD in 1947. After graduating, she worked as a professor at Howard University, and later helped develop programs to increase the number of minorities in graduate programs. She also started a scholarship to honor her father in 1988!

4.

Alice Ball


Getty

Ball was the first woman and the first Black person to earn a master’s degree in chemistry from the College of Hawaii. There, she worked with Dr. Harry Hollman to create a soluble version of chaulmoogra oil, which comes from the plant pictured above and was the only treatment for leprosy at the time but had adverse side effects. Unfortunately, she died before she could publish the results, and the credit was stolen from her. Luckily, researchers later found proof of her work in the university’s archives.

5.

Aprille Ericsson-Jackson


TEDx Talks / YouTube / Via youtube.com

Ericsson-Jackson is one of the most well known women working for NASA today. Inspired by watching the Apollo mission as a kid, Ericsson-Jackson went on to become both the first Black woman to receive a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Howard University and to receive a Ph.D. in Engineering from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. She worked at NASA as an aerospace engineer in the Robotics group but soon moved to Guidance Navigation & Control, and helped with calculations about the orientation and position of spacecrafts in a mission.

6.

Alexa Canady


WSRE Pensacola / Youtube / Via youtube.com

Canady was the first Black female neurosurgeon in the US. Written off at first by a hospital administrator as an “equal opportunity package,” she was soon voted one of the top residents at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. She was not only the first Black person to become a Pediatric neurosurgeon, but she was also the first woman. She did wonderful patient-focused work at many hospitals before retiring, though she came out of retirement numerous times when she saw a need. She was also a professor of neurosurgery!

7.

Carolyn Beatrice Parker


Associated Press

Parker was the first Black woman known to have receive a postgraduate degree in physics. She did research and development for nuclear weapons in the Dayton Project, which was a research and testing arm of the Manhattan Project, in the 1940s. She got her master’s in physics after the war, and had almost completed her doctoral program when she died in 1966 from leukemia.

8.

Margaret S. Collins


Heather Broccard-bell / Getty Images

Collins was the first female Black entomologist in the US. She completed an undergraduate and master’s degree in biology, then entered the zoology program at the University of Chicago. She held faculty positions and made large contributions to her field, earning the nickname “Termite Lady.” She was also active in the Civil Rights Movement, risking arrest by driving her coworkers during the Tallahassee Bus Boycott.

9.

Alma Levant Hayden

Alma Levant Hayden, possibly the 1st African-American female scientist @US_FDA, uncovered a false cancer therapy in 1963. Learn more abt her this #WomensHistoryMonth: https://t.co/I7w9uXD982

Alma Levant Hayden, possibly the 1st African-American female scientist @US_FDA, uncovered a false cancer therapy in 1963. Learn more abt her this #WomensHistoryMonth: https://t.co/I7w9uXD982


Johns Hopkins University Press

Hayden was one of the first Black female scientists at the NIH and FDA, and made large contributions to the field of chemistry. Most notably, while at the FDA she proved that Krebiozen was not an effective cancer cure after a doctor claimed that it was.

10.

Jewel Plummer Cobb


Connecticut Women’s Hall of Fame / YouTube / Via youtube.com

Cobb was the first Black woman to serve as president of a major public university in the western US. She did major work in biology, including research on melanin and cell damage that is still used today in the fight against cancer. She was also a dean and professor of zoology at Connecticut College and started many programs throughout her career to encourage women and minorities to study math and science. The National Academy of Science awarded her a lifetime achievement award in 1993.

11.

Roger Arliner Young

Roger Arliner Young (1889–1964), 1st Black woman Ph.D. in zoology in US. #BlackHistory https://t.co/2ZDf6fTNh0

Roger Arliner Young (1889–1964), 1st Black woman Ph.D. in zoology in US. #BlackHistory https://t.co/2ZDf6fTNh0


CreateSpace Publishing

Young was the first Black woman to get a doctorate in zoology. She got her master’s degree from the University of Chicago in 1926 after being encouraged by Black biologist and zoologist Ernest Just in her undergraduate education at Howard University. Along with Just, she researched fertilization in aquatic animals and hydration of cells. She even filled in for Just as head of the department when he was traveling. She went through a number of personal issues for a few years, but returned to science and received a doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania in 1940 before finding work as a professor.

12.

Rebecca Lee Crumpler

To honor Breonna Taylor's work in STEM as an EMT, I'm highlighting Black women scientists from history. 
In 1864, Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first female African American to earn a Doctorate of Medicine.

#BlackInSTEM #WomenInSTEM @WeRepSTEM @BlackWomenSTEM

To honor Breonna Taylor’s work in STEM as an EMT, I’m highlighting Black women scientists from history.
In 1864, Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first female African American to earn a Doctorate of Medicine.

#BlackInSTEM #WomenInSTEM @WeRepSTEM @BlackWomenSTEM

Crumpler was the first Black woman to receive an M.D., and when she wrote “Book on Medical Discourse,” it became one of the first medical publications by a Black person. She worked as a nurse before attending New England Female Medical College from 1860-1864. After the civil war, she moved to Richmond, where she helped care for freed slaves and worked with missionary and community groups before returning to Boston to practice.

13.

Dorothy Lavinia Brown


Horatio Alger Association / YouTube / Via youtube.com

Brown was the first Black woman to serve in the Tennessee state legislature, as well as being the first Black female surgeon in the south. She graduated high school and college at the top of her class despite a difficult childhood, then worked as an inspector in a New York Army Ordinance Department during World War II. After the war, she worked as a resident for five years before becoming an assistant professor of surgery in 1955 and a chief of surgery in 1957. She was the first Black woman to become a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and also served as a consultant for the NIH.

14.

Dr. Shirley Jackson


Nicholas Kamm / Getty Images

Jackson was the first Black woman to get a Ph.D. from MIT, where she studied nuclear physics. She was also only the second woman in the US to receive a Ph.D. in physics. Under President Clinton, she served as Chair of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission before becoming president of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1999. She was also the first female National Society of Black Physicists president, and worked as the co-chair of President Obama’s Intelligence Advisory.

15.

And finally, Mary Elliott Hill

Mary Elliott Hill was an analytical chemist and professor. She started several chapters of the @AmerChemSociety where she taught.

Mary Elliott Hill was an analytical chemist and professor. She started several chapters of the @AmerChemSociety where she taught.

Hill was a chemist and professor that became head of the chemistry department at Tennessee State University in 1951. She worked with her husband on research that aided in the development of plastics and and co-authored over 40 research papers and two textbooks. She also did important research on ultraviolet light.

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